Door handles and knobs pieces on cabinet hardware that are used to open or close a door. They  may be found on many sorts of doors, including residential and commercial buildings outside doors, interior doors, and cabinet doors. Depending on the intended purpose, door handles come in a variety of styles.

The lever handle and the doorknob are the two most popular forms of door handles. Door knobs are available in a wide range of materials. Brass, porcelain, cut glass, wood, and bronze are some examples. Door handles have been around for at least 5000 years, and their design has evolved over time, with more advanced mechanisms, types, and designs developed.

The Designing of knobs and handles

Cabinet  hardware is typically chosen mainly on aesthetics, cost, and availability, rather than function. Designers must carefully examine not just the look but also the size, shape, and feel of each part of door hardware, as well as how easy it is to operate, in order to provide the most useful hardware.

A handle or knobs’s typical design qualities include: no sharp edges or ridges; an easily grabbed or turned form; a textured finish or non-slip coating on the knob to aid grip; and a shaft long enough to put a hand behind the knob.

A two-dimensional model is often created using computer-aided design software when a new design is required.

Manufacturing Process of knobs and handles

The majority of doorknobs are made of metal, with brass being the most common type. The term brass refers to a class of alloys that contain varying amounts of copper and zinc. The material is generally delivered in the form of a rod or billet of a sufficient diameter, which is then machine cut to the appropriate length.

Though there are various metal doorknob manufacturing techniques, including casting, in which molten metal is poured into a mold, brass doorknobs are generally forged. Forging is a high-pressure technique in which hot metal is pushed into formed dies. Forging can generate items with exceptional strength, toughness, dependability, and quality (up to 250 percent stronger than castings).

1. Die casting

  • Casting is a technique that involves pushing molten metal into a mould cavity under great pressure. The mould cavity is formed utilizing two hardened tool steel dies that have been machined into shape and function during the process similarly to an injection mould.
  • Metal casting is a time-honored method of producing solid metal objects. Parts require a lot of energy to manufacture, and set-up expenses are considerable. Casting provides benefit in small batches, but  because the parts are solid, they are too hefty.
  • To soften the metal, the billet must first be heated in a gas-fired furnace to 1,400° F (759.9° C). After that, the billet is put in a specifically designed set of steel dies that are shaped to correspond to the profile of the object being manufactured.

2. Tapping

  •     A press uses high pressure to push the heated billet into the die cavity, where it takes on the form of the doorknob
  • After the doorknob is ejected from the press, it is cooled, trimmed to size, tempered, and cleaned to remove heat scale produced during the process
  • Machining consumes a lot of energy and labor and generates a lot of waste. Machining, like casting and extrusion, produces heavier, more expensive pieces than any sheet metal process for manufacturing handles.

 3. Surface preparation(Semi-finished product)

The doorknob is then finished in a number of phases. Separate coining, milling, drilling, and tapping procedures result in a surface that is ready for polishing.

4. Polishing & After Polishing

To provide further protection, an organic or inorganic coating is applied utilizing a variety of methods. Polyurethanes, acrylics, and epoxies are examples of organic coatings. Because organic coating solvents may generate toxic chemicals and cause quality issues, manufacturers are moving to inorganic coatings based on inert metals. Electroplating is used to apply these polishes to the semi-finished metals.

5. Electroplating

Electroplating is the technique of coating one metal or metal item with a very thin layer of another metal, generally using a direct electric current. This partly dissolves the metals and forms a chemical connection between them.

6. Selection

This is the first to last last in the production process of knobs and handles. On this step, only the refined handles and knobs are picked out to be sold.

Various process factors are monitored and regulated during the production process to guarantee the finished product satisfies quality requirements. Dimensions, surface quality, and other features of the completed doorknob are checked. Some of these qualities may be required to adhere to certain manufacturing and production norms.

7. Packaging

Thereafter, The finished product are packaged into appropriate packing material. This material should be suitable for transporting the knobs without damaging them.


Different kind of metals go through various kinds of production processes to produce knobs and handles

Aluminum hardware handles are created using the aluminum die casting process, this allows the addition of decorations and designs much more easily than steel, brass, and other metals.